Ujala Shabbir

Ujala Shabbir

Ujala Shabbir is a microbiologist pursuing her MPhil in Microbiology at the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Lahore. Her research is focused on the "preparation of calcium-conjugated FMDV vaccine and its comparative immunogenicity with other vaccine delivery systems". She completed her Bachelor of Science degree in Applied Microbiology from the same university in 2021 with a CGPA of 3.72/4. During her undergraduate studies, she took various microbiology-related courses and gained practical experience through internships.

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR test) – In easy words

RPR test

Introduction The Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) test is primarily used to screen for syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. The RPR test, like the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test, is a non-treponemal test that detects…

The Widal test – Its Principle, Procedure, and uses

Widal Test

Definition The Widal test is a serological agglutination test utilized to diagnose Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi enteric fever. It detects specific antibodies produced in the patient’s serum in response to these bacteria. Introduction to Widal test Georges Fernand Isidor…

Eukaryotic translation – Easy explained

Translation in eukaryotes

The translation in eukaryotes is the biological process by which protein is synthesized from the information coded on the molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA).  It can also be defined as the process in which nucleotides sequence on the messenger RNA…